The prevalence of therapeutic injections in Ethiopia: from the patients' and health care providers' perspectives

Azeb Zewdie, Nasir Tajure Wabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Administration of therapeutic injection is among the most frequently performed medical procedures in the healthcare sector. Most of the injections are unnecessary, ineffective or inappropriate and result in transmission of infectious disease. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and perception of the patients and health care providers of therapeutic injection. A descriptive study where data was collected from inpatient, outpatient and health care providers was conducted from February to March 2010 in Holeta town. A structured questionnaire for patients and health care providers was designed to assess the frequency and perception of patients of the therapeutic injection use. The data was edited and were entered in Epi Info Version 6.0 and analysis was conducted using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 16.0. A total of 200 patients, 10 health care providers were participated. Eighty four (42%) of the patients preferred injection for their illness. Twenty three (31%) patients believed that injections were quicker acting than oral medications. Seventy five (37.5%) of the patients thought that injection was more effective than other dosage forms, while 83 (42.5%) said injection and other dosage forms were equally effective. Most (93) of the patients (46.5%) thought that unsafe injections could transmit a fatal disease, 62 (31%) did not know any risk associated with inappropriate injections, and 55(24.5%) thought that used needle could not transmit disease. The health care providers believed that diseases which were better treated with injection medication were pneumonia, tonsillitis, urinary tract infection, tuberculosis, acute febrile illness, meningitides and severe pain. The study revealed that the frequency of the therapeutic injection use in health facility was low. Most people, in general, do not have preference for injection. Most of the study participants were aware that HIV infections could be transmitted through contaminated sharp tools. However, health education to the community should be given to further increase the awareness of the people about HIV. The main reasons reported for prescribing injection were severity of illness and when the patient cannot take oral medications. Training of health workers on rational prescribing should be promoted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-26
Number of pages6
JournalGaziantep Medical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Ethiopia
  • health care providers
  • perception
  • therapeutic injection


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