The Probability of a guilty verdict in criminal trials

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The general role of a judge is that of having the responsibility for interpreting the appropriate law in question and on occasions in higher level cases of importance there will be a panel of judges, usually 3, 5, 7 or even 9. Sometimes the accused can even select for their case to be heard by a single judge or a jury. The first part of this paper deals with the change in a probability of the outcome based on the size of the judicial panel and whether it is in the best interests of an accused or plaintiff to go for a single judge, a small panel or the largest possible jury size. The second part considers some jurisdictions worldwide in which varying types of majority verdicts can secure a conviction, rather than unanimous verdicts, and the effect on the probability of the defendant being found guilty.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-112
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of international management studies
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • statistics
  • jury
  • judge
  • law
  • probability


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