The production of /s/-stop clusters by pre-schoolers with hearing loss

Julien Millasseau*, Laurence Bruggeman, Ivan Yuen, Katherine Demuth

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Producing word-initial /s/-stop clusters can be a challenge for English-speaking pre-schoolers. For children with hearing loss (HL), fricatives can be also difficult to perceive, raising questions about their production and representation of /s/-stop clusters. The goal of this study was therefore to determine if pre-schoolers with HL can produce and represent the /s/ in word-initial /s/-stop clusters, and to compare this to their normal hearing (NH) peers. Based on both acoustic and perceptual analysis, we found that children with HL had little /s/-omission, suggesting that their phonological representation of these clusters closely aligns with that of their NH peers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1274–1285
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Child Language
Issue number5
Early online date8 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023


  • /s/-stop clusters
  • children
  • hearing loss
  • speech production


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