The production of spontaneous false memories across childhood

Henry Otgaar*, Mark L. Howe, Maarten Peters, Tom Smeets, Steffen Moritz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We found evidence that the usual developmental trends in children's spontaneous false memories were eliminated using novel stimuli containing obvious themes. That is, children created more false memories than adults when scenes needed to be remembered. In Experiment 1, 7- and 8-year-olds had higher false memory rates than adults when using visual scenes. Experiment 2 showed that gist cuing could not account for this effect. In Experiment 3, children and adults received visual scenes and story contexts in which these scenes were embedded. For both types of stimuli, we found that children had the highest false memory rates. Our results indicate that the underlying theme of these scenes is easily identified, resulting in our developmental false memory trend.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-41
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Volume121
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2014

Keywords

  • Development
  • DRM
  • False memory
  • Memory
  • Spreading activation
  • Suggestion

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