The profile of chiropractors managing patients with low back-related leg pain: analyses of 1907 chiropractors from the ACORN practice-based research network

Matthew Fernandez, Craig Moore, Wenbo Peng, Katie De Luca, Katherine A. Pohlman, Michael Swain, Jon Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Approximately 60% of people with low back pain also have associated leg pain symptoms. Guidelines for low back pain recommend non-pharmacological approaches, including spinal manipulation - a therapy provided by chiropractors. However, limited empirical data has examined the characteristics of chiropractors managing patients with low back-related leg pain (LBRLP). Our objective is to describe the prevalence, profile and practice characteristics of Australian chiropractors who often treat LBRLP, compared to those who do not often treat LBRLP. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative sample from the Australian Chiropractic Research Network (ACORN). This study investigated the demographic and practice characteristics as well as clinical management of chiropractors who 'often' treated patients with LBRLP compared to those who treated LBRLP 'never/rarely/sometimes'. Multiple logistic regression models identified independent factors associated with chiropractors who 'often' treated patients with LBRLP. Results: A total of 1907 chiropractors reported treating patients experiencing LBRLP, with 80.9% of them 'often' treating LBRLP. Chiropractors who 'often' treated LBRLP were more likely to manage patients with multi-site pain including axial low back pain (OR = 21.1), referred/radicular neck pain (OR = 10.8) and referred/radicular thoracic pain (OR = 3.1). While no specific management strategies were identified, chiropractors who 'often' treated LBRLP were more likely to discuss medication (OR = 1.8), manage migraine (OR = 1.7) and degenerative spine conditions (OR = 1.5), and treat women during pregnancy (OR = 1.6) and people with work-related injuries (OR = 1.5), compared to those not treating LBRLP frequently. Conclusions: Australian chiropractors frequently manage LBRLP, although the nature of specific management approaches for this condition remains unclear. Further research on the management of LBRLP can better inform policy makers and educators interested in upskilling chiropractors to deliver safe and effective treatment of LBRLP.

LanguageEnglish
Article number19
Pages1-9
Number of pages9
JournalChiropractic and Manual Therapies
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

Chiropractic
Leg
Pain
Research
Low Back Pain
Logistic Models
Spinal Manipulation
Musculoskeletal Manipulations
Neck Pain

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2019. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • low back pain
  • leg pain
  • referred
  • radicular
  • chiropractic
  • chiropractor
  • practice-based research network

Cite this

@article{7b199a4e541647cc9e1caa81d1cd0e31,
title = "The profile of chiropractors managing patients with low back-related leg pain: analyses of 1907 chiropractors from the ACORN practice-based research network",
abstract = "Background: Approximately 60{\%} of people with low back pain also have associated leg pain symptoms. Guidelines for low back pain recommend non-pharmacological approaches, including spinal manipulation - a therapy provided by chiropractors. However, limited empirical data has examined the characteristics of chiropractors managing patients with low back-related leg pain (LBRLP). Our objective is to describe the prevalence, profile and practice characteristics of Australian chiropractors who often treat LBRLP, compared to those who do not often treat LBRLP. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative sample from the Australian Chiropractic Research Network (ACORN). This study investigated the demographic and practice characteristics as well as clinical management of chiropractors who 'often' treated patients with LBRLP compared to those who treated LBRLP 'never/rarely/sometimes'. Multiple logistic regression models identified independent factors associated with chiropractors who 'often' treated patients with LBRLP. Results: A total of 1907 chiropractors reported treating patients experiencing LBRLP, with 80.9{\%} of them 'often' treating LBRLP. Chiropractors who 'often' treated LBRLP were more likely to manage patients with multi-site pain including axial low back pain (OR = 21.1), referred/radicular neck pain (OR = 10.8) and referred/radicular thoracic pain (OR = 3.1). While no specific management strategies were identified, chiropractors who 'often' treated LBRLP were more likely to discuss medication (OR = 1.8), manage migraine (OR = 1.7) and degenerative spine conditions (OR = 1.5), and treat women during pregnancy (OR = 1.6) and people with work-related injuries (OR = 1.5), compared to those not treating LBRLP frequently. Conclusions: Australian chiropractors frequently manage LBRLP, although the nature of specific management approaches for this condition remains unclear. Further research on the management of LBRLP can better inform policy makers and educators interested in upskilling chiropractors to deliver safe and effective treatment of LBRLP.",
keywords = "low back pain, leg pain, referred, radicular, chiropractic, chiropractor, practice-based research network",
author = "Matthew Fernandez and Craig Moore and Wenbo Peng and {De Luca}, Katie and Pohlman, {Katherine A.} and Michael Swain and Jon Adams",
note = "Copyright the Author(s) 2019. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.",
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The profile of chiropractors managing patients with low back-related leg pain : analyses of 1907 chiropractors from the ACORN practice-based research network. / Fernandez, Matthew; Moore, Craig; Peng, Wenbo; De Luca, Katie; Pohlman, Katherine A.; Swain, Michael; Adams, Jon.

In: Chiropractic and Manual Therapies, Vol. 27, No. 1, 19, 17.04.2019, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The profile of chiropractors managing patients with low back-related leg pain

T2 - Chiropractic and Manual Therapies

AU - Fernandez, Matthew

AU - Moore, Craig

AU - Peng, Wenbo

AU - De Luca, Katie

AU - Pohlman, Katherine A.

AU - Swain, Michael

AU - Adams, Jon

N1 - Copyright the Author(s) 2019. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

PY - 2019/4/17

Y1 - 2019/4/17

N2 - Background: Approximately 60% of people with low back pain also have associated leg pain symptoms. Guidelines for low back pain recommend non-pharmacological approaches, including spinal manipulation - a therapy provided by chiropractors. However, limited empirical data has examined the characteristics of chiropractors managing patients with low back-related leg pain (LBRLP). Our objective is to describe the prevalence, profile and practice characteristics of Australian chiropractors who often treat LBRLP, compared to those who do not often treat LBRLP. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative sample from the Australian Chiropractic Research Network (ACORN). This study investigated the demographic and practice characteristics as well as clinical management of chiropractors who 'often' treated patients with LBRLP compared to those who treated LBRLP 'never/rarely/sometimes'. Multiple logistic regression models identified independent factors associated with chiropractors who 'often' treated patients with LBRLP. Results: A total of 1907 chiropractors reported treating patients experiencing LBRLP, with 80.9% of them 'often' treating LBRLP. Chiropractors who 'often' treated LBRLP were more likely to manage patients with multi-site pain including axial low back pain (OR = 21.1), referred/radicular neck pain (OR = 10.8) and referred/radicular thoracic pain (OR = 3.1). While no specific management strategies were identified, chiropractors who 'often' treated LBRLP were more likely to discuss medication (OR = 1.8), manage migraine (OR = 1.7) and degenerative spine conditions (OR = 1.5), and treat women during pregnancy (OR = 1.6) and people with work-related injuries (OR = 1.5), compared to those not treating LBRLP frequently. Conclusions: Australian chiropractors frequently manage LBRLP, although the nature of specific management approaches for this condition remains unclear. Further research on the management of LBRLP can better inform policy makers and educators interested in upskilling chiropractors to deliver safe and effective treatment of LBRLP.

AB - Background: Approximately 60% of people with low back pain also have associated leg pain symptoms. Guidelines for low back pain recommend non-pharmacological approaches, including spinal manipulation - a therapy provided by chiropractors. However, limited empirical data has examined the characteristics of chiropractors managing patients with low back-related leg pain (LBRLP). Our objective is to describe the prevalence, profile and practice characteristics of Australian chiropractors who often treat LBRLP, compared to those who do not often treat LBRLP. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative sample from the Australian Chiropractic Research Network (ACORN). This study investigated the demographic and practice characteristics as well as clinical management of chiropractors who 'often' treated patients with LBRLP compared to those who treated LBRLP 'never/rarely/sometimes'. Multiple logistic regression models identified independent factors associated with chiropractors who 'often' treated patients with LBRLP. Results: A total of 1907 chiropractors reported treating patients experiencing LBRLP, with 80.9% of them 'often' treating LBRLP. Chiropractors who 'often' treated LBRLP were more likely to manage patients with multi-site pain including axial low back pain (OR = 21.1), referred/radicular neck pain (OR = 10.8) and referred/radicular thoracic pain (OR = 3.1). While no specific management strategies were identified, chiropractors who 'often' treated LBRLP were more likely to discuss medication (OR = 1.8), manage migraine (OR = 1.7) and degenerative spine conditions (OR = 1.5), and treat women during pregnancy (OR = 1.6) and people with work-related injuries (OR = 1.5), compared to those not treating LBRLP frequently. Conclusions: Australian chiropractors frequently manage LBRLP, although the nature of specific management approaches for this condition remains unclear. Further research on the management of LBRLP can better inform policy makers and educators interested in upskilling chiropractors to deliver safe and effective treatment of LBRLP.

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