The redistribution of cardiac output in the dog during heat stress

J. R S Hales*, R. A L Dampney

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


In conscious Greyhound dogs, radioactive microsphere techniques have been used to measure cardiac output, its regional distribution, and proportion of the cardiac output passing through arteriovenous anastomoses (AVA's) in a thermoneutral environment and during severe heat stress. Heat stress resulted in a 74% increase in cardiac output and 4-6% of the cardiac output passed through AVA's. compared with about 1% under thermoneutral conditions: blood flow rate increased in skin of the lower legs and ears, tongue, maxillo turbinals, nasal mucosa, respiratory muscles and spleen, decreased in the thyroids, brain and spinal cord, and did not change significantly in the non-respiratory muscles, heart, pituitary, adrenals, kidneys, liver, stomach and intestines. Thus the circulatory requirements of the heat stressed dogs were met partly by an increase in cardiac output and partly by changes in its distribution. In contrast, the Merino sheep meets such a situation entirely by a redistribution of cardiac output. The present results may be taken as evidence that the Greyhound dog is less heat tolerant than the Merino sheep. The decreased brain blood flow during heat stress is similar to that which occurs in the sheep, but contrast with previous results obtained on anaestherized dogs. The less marked redistribution of cardiac output in the dog compared with the sheep, may explain the apparent difference in energy cost of panting in the two species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-34
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Thermal Biology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1975
Externally publishedYes


  • arteriovenous anastemoses
  • Blood flow
  • cardiac output distribution
  • dog circulation
  • heat stress
  • microspheres
  • panting
  • thermoregulation


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