The reduction of temperamental risk for anxiety in withdrawn preschoolers: A pilot study

Ronald M. Rapee*, Donna Jacobs

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    25 Citations (Scopus)
    10 Downloads (Pure)


    Empirical findings and theoretical models posit a central role for an inhibited temperament in the development of anxiety. In turn, this suggests that reduction of withdrawn and inhibited characteristics in very young children may prevent the later development of anxiety disorders. To date, no programs have targeted inhibited temperament as a focus of treatment and it is often assumed that temperament is an immutable phenomenon. The current study piloted a brief education program for the mothers of seven temperamentally withdrawn 4-year-old boys. Results showed marked changes in mothers' perceptions of withdrawn temperament and anxious symptoms that continued over the following 6 months. These data encourage a larger-scale investigation of parent education for the reduction of inhibited temperament in pre-school children.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)211-215
    Number of pages5
    JournalBehavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright 2002 British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies. Published by Cambridge University Press. Article originally published in Behavioural and cognitive psychotherapy, Vol. 30 iss. 2, pp. 211-215. The original article can be found at


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