The reduction of temperamental risk for anxiety in withdrawn preschoolers

A pilot study

Ronald M. Rapee*, Donna Jacobs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


Empirical findings and theoretical models posit a central role for an inhibited temperament in the development of anxiety. In turn, this suggests that reduction of withdrawn and inhibited characteristics in very young children may prevent the later development of anxiety disorders. To date, no programs have targeted inhibited temperament as a focus of treatment and it is often assumed that temperament is an immutable phenomenon. The current study piloted a brief education program for the mothers of seven temperamentally withdrawn 4-year-old boys. Results showed marked changes in mothers' perceptions of withdrawn temperament and anxious symptoms that continued over the following 6 months. These data encourage a larger-scale investigation of parent education for the reduction of inhibited temperament in pre-school children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-215
Number of pages5
JournalBehavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2002 British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies. Published by Cambridge University Press. Article originally published in Behavioural and cognitive psychotherapy, Vol. 30 iss. 2, pp. 211-215. The original article can be found at

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