A nonverbal test of conceptual thinking was administered to 55 normal controls and to 203 patients with monohemispheric brain lesions (74 aphasics and 129 nonaphasic brain-damaged patients), in order to study the relationships between conceptual impairment of aphasic patients and breakdown of the semantic-lexical level of integration of language. A very high number of aphasic patients (54 out of 74) and a limited number of nonaphasic brain-damaged subjects (31 out of 129) obtained a pathological score on the test of conceptual thinking, but only some components of the aphasic symptomatology seemed closely linked to the conceptual disorder. In fact a nonsignificant relationship was found between conceptual impairment and: ("fluent" or "non-fluent" clinical type of aphasia; severity of aphasic disturbance. On the contrary, a strong relationship was found between conceptual disorder and impairment of the semantic-lexical level of integration of language. These findings seem to show that conceptual disturbance and semantic-lexical troubles are closely linked in aphasia.