The relationships between poor sleep efficiency and mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson disease

David G. Gunn, Sharon L. Naismith, Zoe Terpening, Simon J G Lewis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and sleep disturbances are common features in Parkinson disease (PD). This study sought to investigate whether patients with MCI in PD (PD-MCI) have more pronounced sleep disturbance compared to those without PD-MCI and whether phenotypic presentations differ according to the PD-MCI subtypes. Methods: A total of 95 patients with idiopathic PD (53 meeting criteria for PD-MCI and 42 who were not cognitively impaired) and 22 controls underwent neurological and neuropsychological examination. They wore actigraphy watches for 2 weeks, from which measures of nocturnal sleep efficiency were calculated. Results: Patients with PD-MCI has significantly poorer sleep efficiency compared to those without PD-MCI. This effect was particularly apparent in those with multiple-domain PD-MCI, compared to those with single-domain PD-MCI. Furthermore, patients in the PD-MCI group had significantly more nontremor features. Conclusions: These data suggest that PD-MCI is associated with greater sleep disturbance and nontremor features of PD. This is further evidence for the potential role that sleep disturbance plays in the heterogeneity of PD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-84
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • actigraphy
  • cognition
  • mild cognitive impairment
  • Parkinson disease
  • sleep


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