Background: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and sleep disturbances are common features in Parkinson disease (PD). This study sought to investigate whether patients with MCI in PD (PD-MCI) have more pronounced sleep disturbance compared to those without PD-MCI and whether phenotypic presentations differ according to the PD-MCI subtypes. Methods: A total of 95 patients with idiopathic PD (53 meeting criteria for PD-MCI and 42 who were not cognitively impaired) and 22 controls underwent neurological and neuropsychological examination. They wore actigraphy watches for 2 weeks, from which measures of nocturnal sleep efficiency were calculated. Results: Patients with PD-MCI has significantly poorer sleep efficiency compared to those without PD-MCI. This effect was particularly apparent in those with multiple-domain PD-MCI, compared to those with single-domain PD-MCI. Furthermore, patients in the PD-MCI group had significantly more nontremor features. Conclusions: These data suggest that PD-MCI is associated with greater sleep disturbance and nontremor features of PD. This is further evidence for the potential role that sleep disturbance plays in the heterogeneity of PD.
- mild cognitive impairment
- Parkinson disease