The risk of meningitis following expanded endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery: A systematic review

Leon T. Lai*, Spencer Trooboff, Michael K. Morgan, Richard J. Harvey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To examine the risk of postoperative meningitis following expanded endoscopic endonasal skull base (EESB) surgery. Setting A systematic analysis of publications identified through searches of the electronic databases from Embase (1980-July 17, 2012), Medline (1950-July 17, 2012), and references of review articles. Main Outcome Measures Incidence of meningitis following EESB surgery. Results A total of 2,444 manuscripts were selected initially, and full-text analysis produced 67 studies with extractable data. Fifty-two contained data regarding the frequency of postoperative meningitis. The overall risk of postoperative meningitis following EESB surgery was 1.8% (36 of 2,005). For those reporting a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, meningitis occurred in 13.0% (35 of 269). For those not reporting a CSF leak, meningitis occurred in 0.1% (1 of 1,736). The odds ratio for the development of meningitis in the presence of a postoperative CSF leak was 91.99 (95% confidence interval, 11.72-721.88; p < 0.01). There was no difference in reported incidence of meningitis or CSF leak between anterior and posterior cranial fossa surgery. There was one reported case of meningitis-related mortality following EESB surgery. Conclusion The evidence in skull base surgery is limited. This study demonstrates a low incidence of meningitis (1.8%) following EESB procedures. The incidence of meningitis from EESB surgery without an associated CSF leak is uncommon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-26
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurological Surgery, Part B: Skull Base
Volume75
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

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