The association of trauma with illicit/recreational drugs is being increasingly recognized but is difficult to quantify. Significant amounts of these substances are readily available and may be taken alone, in combination with other drugs or with alcohol. The acute and chronic effects of these drugs result in numerous difficulties in management. Health-care workers involved in the treatment of trauma must have a high index of suspicion for the presence of drugs and a detailed knowledge of their effects. In this article we will review the scale of the problem, the common drugs abused and their effects, and we will discuss guidelines for management.
- Drug addiction
- Substance-related disorders