The role of semantics and repair processes in article-noun gender disagreement in Italian: an ERP study

Srđan Popov*, Gabriele Miceli, Branislava Ćurčić-Blake, Roelien Bastiaanse

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Abstract

    In this sentence reading study, we used event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate the processing mechanism of article-noun gender disagreement in two kinds of nouns in Italian. The first are nouns with syntactic gender (il trenoM ‘train’; la sediaF ‘chair’) for which the processing and repair of gender disagreement entails only one repair option, namely for the article (morphosyntactic repair). The second kind are nouns with semantic gender (il bambinoM ‘boy’, la bambinaF ‘girl’). Here, there are two options for processing and repairing gender mismatch: repairing the article (morphosyntactic repair) or repairing the noun (both morphosyntactic and semantic repair). Both classes of nouns elicited the LAN, indicating that gender disagreement is always registered at the morphosyntactic level. In addition, the P600 was elicited in both conditions, but was larger for semantic gender, reflecting a more complex repair for this class of nouns.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number104787
    Pages (from-to)1-12
    Number of pages12
    JournalBrain and Language
    Volume206
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright the Author(s) 2020. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

    Keywords

    • Gender
    • Syntactic
    • Semantic
    • Agreement
    • P600
    • LAN

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