The 'Russian doll' approach

developing nested case-studies to support international comparative research in education

Pei Wen Chong, Linda J. Graham

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)


    International comparison is complicated by the use of different terms, classification methods, policy frameworks and system structures, not to mention different languages and terminology. Multi-case studies can assist in the understanding of the influence wielded by cultural, social, economic, historical and political forces upon educational decisions, policy construction and changes over time. But case studies alone are not enough. In this paper, we argue for an ecological or scaled approach that travels through macro, meso and micro levels to build nested case-studies to allow for more comprehensive analysis of the external and internal factors that shape policy-making and education systems. Such an approach allows for deeper understanding of the relationship between globalizing trends and policy developments.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)23-32
    Number of pages10
    JournalInternational Journal of Research and Method in Education
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013


    • comparative education
    • education policy-making
    • inclusive education

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