Eclogite-facies mafic rocks occur within gray gneisses of TTG affinity in the northeastern part of the Belomorian Province, Kola Peninsula. These are characterized by widespread omphacite-breakdown textures and locally preserved relics of omphacite. Thermobarometry indicates a clockwise PT path. Garnet inclusions suggest a prograde path passing from surface-weathering conditions through the low-grade green schist facies (pumpellyiteactinolite facies) before reaching the eclogite facies. Peak metamorphic conditions are estimated to be about 700-750°C and > 14-15 kbar. Needle-shaped inclusions (rods) of quartz in omphacite suggest that the peak P-T conditions of studied eclogites could reach significantly higher pressure than estimated in the present study. The retrograde path passed through granulite facies to upper amphibolite facies by near-isothermal decompression. The results of UPb dating and Hf-isotope analysis of zircons from the eclogites and cross-cutting felsic vein can be used to infer an approximate 2.89 Ga age for the oceanic crust, which was subducted and underwent eclogite-facies metamorphism between 2.87 and 2.82 Ga. The granulite-facies overprint is likely to have occurred at 2.72 Ga. Thermal overprinting and growth of new zircon also occurred during the Svecofennian (1.9-1.8 Ga) orogeny. These new data imply that plate tectonic processes ("hot subduction") operated at least locally in the late Mesoarchean. The petrology and geochemistry of the Salma eclogites and related TTG rocks can be best explained by subduction of Archean oceanic crust. The adakitic nature of the felsic vein inside the Salma eclogites suggests that partial melting of hydrated eclogites could produce Archean TTG-type magmas.
|Title of host publication||Ultrahigh-Pressure Metamorphism|
|Subtitle of host publication||25 years after the discovery of coesite and diamond|
|Editors||Larissa Dobrzhinetskaya, Shah Wali Faryad, Simon Wallis, Simon Cuthbert|
|Place of Publication||Amsterdam; Boston|
|Number of pages||48|
|ISBN (Print)||9780123851444, 0123851440|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|