The search for multiple populations in Magellanic Cloud Clusters - III. No evidence for multiple populations in the SMC cluster NGC 419

S. Martocchia, N. Bastian, C. Usher, V. Kozhurina-Platais, F. Niederhofer, I. Cabrera-Ziri, E. Dalessandro, K. Hollyhead, N. Kacharov, C. Lardo, S. Larsen, A. Mucciarelli, I. Platais, M. Salaris, M. Cordero, D. Geisler, M. Hilker, C. Li, D. Mackey

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Abstract

We present the third paper about our ongoing Hubble Space Telescope survey for the search for multiple stellar populations (MPs) within Magellanic Cloud clusters. We report here the analysis of NGC 419, an ~1.5 Gyr old, massive (≳2 × 105 M⊙) star cluster in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). By comparing our photometric data with stellar isochrones, we set a limit on [N/Fe] enhancement of ≲+0.5 dex and hence we find that no MPs are detected in this cluster. This is surprising because in the first two papers of this series, we found evidence for MPs in four other SMC clusters (NGC 121; Lindsay 1, NGC 339, NGC 416), aged from 6 Gyr up to ~10–11 Gyr. This finding raises the question whether age could play a major role in the MPs phenomenon. Additionally, our results appear to exclude mass or environment as the only key factors regulating the existence of a chemical enrichment, since all clusters studied so far in this survey are equally massive (~1-2 × 105 M⊙) and no particular patterns are found when looking at their spatial distribution in the SMC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3150-3158
Number of pages9
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume468
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2017 The Authors. First published in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 468(3), pp. 3150-3158. The original publication is available at https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx660, published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • stars: abundances
  • Hertzsprung-Russell and colour-magnitude diagrams
  • galaxies: individual: SMC
  • galaxies: star clusters: individual: NGC 419

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