The self-reflection and insight scale: A new measure of private self-consciousness

Anthony M. Grant*, John Franklin, Peter Langford

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    348 Citations (Scopus)


    Private self-consciousness and the subordinate constructs of self-reflection and insight are key factors in the self-regulatory process underpinning the creation of behavior change, both in clinical practice with clinical populations, and in performance enhancing coaching with nonclinical populations. This paper reports the construction and validation of the Self-Reflection and Insight Scale (SRIS) which is designed to be an advance on the Private Self-Consciousnes Scale (PrSCS; Fenigstein, Scheier, & Buss, 1975). Previous work has found the PrSCS to comprise two factors, self-reflection and internal state awareness. In a series of studies two separate factor analyses found the SRIS comprised two separate factors labeled Self-Reflection (SRIS-SR) and Insight (SRIS-IN). "Need for self-reflection" and "engagement in self-reflection" loaded on the same factor. Test-retest reliability over a 7-week period was .77 (SRIS-SR) and .78 (SRIS-IN). The PrSCS correlated positively with the SRIS-SR and negatively with the SRIS-IN. The SRIS-SR correlated positively with anxiety and stress, but not with depression and alexithymia. The SRIS-IN was negatively correlated with depression, anxiety, stress and alexithymia, and positively correlated with cognitive flexibility and self-regulation. Individuals who had kept diaries had higher SRIS-SR scores but lower SRIS-IN scores than did those who had not kept diaries. Implications of these findings for models of self-regulation and goal attainment are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)821-836
    Number of pages16
    JournalSocial Behavior and Personality
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - 2002


    • Coaching
    • Insight
    • Private self-consciousness
    • Psychological mindedness
    • Self-reflection


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