The Social inclusion and inequality nexus

EU versus non-EU migrants

Cong Wang, Amjad Naveed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


This study examines the relationship between social inclusions of migrant and income inequality. Both positive and negative impacts of social inclusion on income inequality have been observed in the previous literature. This study specifically considers two types of migration flow: migration flow from EU and migration flow from non‐EU. The aim of this article is twofold: 1) is there a strong association between social inclusion of migrants and income inequality, 2) is there any different impact of social inclusion of two types of migrants (EU vs non‐EU)? Using data from 33 mainly European countries over the period 2003‐2015 and controlling for savings rate, arable land rate and age‐dependency ratio, our results indicate that there is a significant negative relationship between social inclusion and income inequality. In particular, we find that social inclusion from non‐EU migrants significantly reduces income inequality compare with EU migrants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-62
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Migration
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

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