The structure of team search behaviors with varying access to information

Matthew Prants, James Simpson, Patrick Nalepka, Rachel W. Kallen, Mark Dras, Erik D. Reichle, Simon G. Hosking, Christopher Best, Michael J. Richardson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In many team-based activities, members search for information to gain situational awareness and thereby structure their own behavior. The extent to which members are coupled and in control of their surrounding environment can be accessed via the fluctuations of their searching behaviors. To facilitate prospective control, assistive technologies such as a head-up display (HUD) can alleviate the demands of search and facilitate team performance. This study investigated how three-person teams divided their labor and structured their search behavior when playing a multiplayer search-and-retrieval task where first-person visibility and access to a HUD were manipulated. Results showed that access to task relevant information facilitated performance and division of labor, and increased prospective control of searching behaviors, as indexed by detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA). Over multiple sessions, teams learned to use the HUD to structure their behavior to achieve the task goal. Results indicate the potential in using DFA for monitoring prospective control in team contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCogSci 2021: Comparative Cognition Animal Minds
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society
Place of PublicationAustin, Texas
PublisherCognitive Science Society
Pages805-811
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9781713835257
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventAnnual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (43rd : 2021) - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 26 Jul 202129 Jul 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society
Volume43
ISSN (Electronic)1069-7977

Conference

ConferenceAnnual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (43rd : 2021)
Abbreviated titleCogSci 2021
Country/TerritoryAustria
CityVienna
Period26/07/2129/07/21

Keywords

  • detrended fluctuation analysis
  • head-up display
  • multiplayer video game
  • search behaviors
  • team coordination

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