The Taiwan issue: tracing 70 years of Taiwan-China relations

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Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, Taiwan has been governed as a de facto state under the formal title of the Republic of China (ROC). Following the ROC’s expulsion from the United Nations, and the United States’ decision to recognize the PRC, Taiwan has faced increasing isolation within the international community. The PRC has never renounced its irredentist claims and has intensified its campaign to annex Taiwan. This chapter examines 70 years of evolving ties between Taiwan and China. It provides a broad overview of how Taiwan-China relations have changed over the years from an official ban on engagement, to the acceleration of socio-economic exchange. In particular, this chapter examines the changing dynamics of Taiwan-China relations following Taiwan’s democratic transition, which has led to the emergence of the pro-Taiwan independence movement. Since Taiwan’s democratization, political resolution over the so-called Taiwan issue has become increasingly complicated and difficult to resolve.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Taiwan issue
Subtitle of host publicationproblems and prospects
EditorsBenjamin Schreer, Andrew T. H. Tan
Place of PublicationLondon ; New York
PublisherRoutledge, Taylor and Francis Group
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780429319082
ISBN (Print)9781857439199
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Publication series

NameEuropa Country Perspectives


  • Taiwan
  • China
  • History
  • International Relations


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