The tommotiid Camenella reticulosa from the early Cambrian of South Australia

Morphology, scleritome reconstruction, and phylogeny

Christian B. Skovsted, Uwe Balthasar, Glenn A. Brock, John R. Paterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The tommotiid Camenella reticulosa is redescribed based on new collections of well preserved sclerites from the Arrowie Basin (Flinders Ranges), South Australia, revealing new information concerning morphology and micro- structure. The acutely pyramidal mitral sclerite is described for the first time and the sellate sclerite is shown to be coiled through up to 1.5 whorls. Based on Camenella, a model is proposed by which tommotiid sclerites are composed of alternating dense phosphatic, and presumably originally organic-rich, laminae. Camenella is morphologically most similar to Lapworthella, Kennardia, and Dailyatia, and these taxa are interpreted to represent a monophyletic clade, here termed the camenellans, within the Tommotiida. Potential reconstructions of the scleritome of Camenella are discussed and although a tubular scleritome construction was recently demonstrated for the tommotiids Eccentrotheca and Paterimitra, a bilaterally symmetrical scleritome model with the sclerites arranged symmetrically on the dorsal surface of a vagrant animal can not be ruled out.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-540
Number of pages16
JournalActa Palaeontologica Polonica
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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