The treatment of childhood social phobia: The effectiveness of a social skills training-based, cognitive-behavioural intervention, with and without parental involvement

S. H. Spence*, C. Donovan, M. Brechman-Toussaint

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    360 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Fifty children aged 7-14 years with a principal diagnosis of social phobia were randomly assigned to either child-focused cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT), CBT plus parent involvement, or a wait list control (WLC). The integrated CBT program involved intensive social skills training combined with graded exposure and cognitive challenging. At post-treatment, significantly fewer children in the treatment conditions retained a clinical diagnosis of social phobia compared to the WLC condition. In comparison to the WLC, children in both CBT interventions showed significantly greater reductions in children's social and general anxiety and a significant increase in parental ratings of child social skills performance. At 12-month follow-up, both treatment groups retained their improvement. There was a trend towards superior results when parents were involved in treatment, but this effect was not statistically significant.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)713-726
    Number of pages14
    JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
    Volume41
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2000

    Keywords

    • Anxiety
    • Behaviour therapy
    • Cognitive therapy
    • Cognitive-behaviour therapy
    • Outcome
    • Phobias
    • Social phobia
    • Social skills training

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