The TRK-fused gene is mutated in hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy with proximal dominant involvement

Hiroyuki Ishiura, Wataru Sako, Mari Yoshida, Toshitaka Kawarai, Osamu Tanabe, Jun Goto, Yuji Takahashi, Hidetoshi Date, Jun Mitsui, Budrul Ahsan, Yaeko Ichikawa, Atsushi Iwata, Hiide Yoshino, Yuishin Izumi, Koji Fujita, Kouji Maeda, Satoshi Goto, Hidetaka Koizumi, Ryoma Morigaki, Masako IkemuraNaoko Yamauchi, Shigeo Murayama, Garth A. Nicholson, Hidefumi Ito, Gen Sobue, Masanori Nakagawa, Ryuji Kaji, Shoji Tsuji*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Citations (Scopus)


Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy with proximal dominant involvement (HMSN-P) is an autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by widespread fasciculations, proximal-predominant muscle weakness, and atrophy followed by distal sensory involvement. To date, large families affected by HMSN-P have been reported from two different regions in Japan. Linkage and haplotype analyses of two previously reported families and two new families with the use of high-density SNP arrays further defined the minimum candidate region of 3.3 Mb in chromosomal region 3q12. Exome sequencing showed an identical c.854C>T (p.Pro285Leu) mutation in the TRK-fused gene (TFG) in the four families. Detailed haplotype analysis suggested two independent origins of the mutation. Pathological studies of an autopsied patient revealed TFG- and ubiquitin-immunopositive cytoplasmic inclusions in the spinal and cortical motor neurons. Fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus, a frequent finding in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, was also observed in the motor neurons with inclusion bodies. Moreover, TAR DNA-binding protein 43 kDa (TDP-43)-positive cytoplasmic inclusions were also demonstrated. In cultured cells expressing mutant TFG, cytoplasmic aggregation of TDP-43 was demonstrated. These findings indicate that formation of TFG-containing cytoplasmic inclusions and concomitant mislocalization of TDP-43 underlie motor neuron degeneration in HMSN-P. Pathological overlap of proteinopathies involving TFG and TDP-43 highlights a new pathway leading to motor neuron degeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-329
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes


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