## Abstract

We consider the temporal evolution of a viscous incompressible fluid in a torus of finite curvature; a problem first investigated by Madden and Mullin (1994), herein referred to as MM. The system is initially in a state of rigid-body rotation (about the axis of rotational symmetry) and the container's rotation rate is then changed impulsively. We describe the transient flow that is induced at small values of the Ekman number, over a time scale that is comparable to one complete rotation of the container. We show that (rotationally symmetric) eruptive singularities (of the boundary layer) occur at the inner or outer bend of the pipe for a decrease or an increase in rotation rate respectively. Moreover, there is a ratio of initial-to-final rotation frequencies for which eruptive singularities can occur at both the inner and outer bend simultaneously. We also demonstrate that the flow is susceptible to a combination of axisymmetric centrifugal and non-axisymmetric inflectional instabilities. The inflectional instability arises as a consequence of the developing eruption and is shown to be in qualitative agreement with the experimental observations of MM. Detailed quantitative comparisons are made between asymptotic predictions and finite (but small) Ekman number Navier-Stokes computations using a finite-element method.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | European Turbulence Conference 14 |

Subtitle of host publication | accepted talks proceedings |

Number of pages | 2 |

Publication status | Published - 2013 |

Externally published | Yes |

Event | European Turbulence Conference (14th : 2013) - Lyon, France Duration: 1 Sept 2013 → 4 Sept 2013 |

### Conference

Conference | European Turbulence Conference (14th : 2013) |
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Abbreviated title | etc14 |

Country/Territory | France |

City | Lyon |

Period | 1/09/13 → 4/09/13 |