Organic dynamic vapor sorption (organic-DVS) was used to characterize amorphous content in known amorphous-crystalline mixtures of lactose and salbutamol sulfate. N-octane was chosen as an apolar probe and measurements were carried out by exposing mixtures of each sample to partial pressures 0–90% p/p0. A linear relationship between amorphous content and n-octane partial pressure was observed for both lactose and salbutamol sulfate with R2 values of 0.992 and 0.999, respectively. In addition, the influence of sequential mechanical processing in a ball mill on the amorphous content in crystalline lactose was investigated. Cumulative milling times resulted in an exponential increase in amorphous content (using the linear relationship obtained for lactose), with a maximum amorphous content of 14% being induced after 60 min milling. In comparison, analysis of the 60 min mill time samples after exposure to 85% relative humidity suggested 0.00% amorphous content.
- Salbutamol sulfate
- Ball milling
- Organic dynamic vapor sorption