The use of the Box-Behnken experimental design in the optimisation and robustness testing of a capillary electrophoresis method for the analysis of ethambutol hydrochloride in a pharmaceutical formulation

R. Ragonese*, M. Macka, J. Hughes, P. Petocz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

139 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Box-Behnken experimental designs do not appear to be extensively used in optimisation of analytical methods using capillary electrophoresis (CE). This paper describes the use of the Box-Behnken experimental design to optimise the factors affecting the separation of ethambutol hydrochloride (EB), its impurity 2-amino-1-butanol and the internal standard (phenylephrine hydrochloride) in a CE method for a pharmaceutical tablet assay. The three factors studied simultaneously were: buffer pH, buffer concentration and applied electric field, each at three levels. The method was optimised with respect to three responses: resolution between peaks, theoretical plate count and the migration time of the EB peak. A statistical programme, which applies a multiple response optimisation algorithm, was used to calculate and optimise the three responses simultaneously. The optimum conditions were established to be 58.0 mM sodium borate buffer at pH 9.50 and an applied electric field of 412 V/cm. The robustness of the method was also determined and confirmed using a second Box-Behnken design, as part of the validation exercise. System suitability values for the method were derived from the regression surface analysis. The CE method for a pharmaceutical tablet formulation was further validated according to current regulatory requirements, with respect to linearity and range, precision, specificity, accuracy and limit of quantitation. The optimised method gives a fast and efficient separation under 4 min, with complete resolution between the three peaks, and represents an improvement over the existing USP method. It can be concluded that the Box-Behnken experimental design provides a suitable means of optimising and testing the robustness of a CE pharmaceutical method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)995-1007
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Box-Behnken
  • Capillary electrophoresis
  • Ethambutol
  • Experimental design
  • Optimisation
  • Pharmaceutical analysis
  • Robustness testing

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