"The W and M are mixing me up"

Use of a visual code in verbal short-term memory tasks

Wendy Best*, David Howard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When normal participants are presented with written verbal short-term memory tasks (e.g., remembering a set of letters for immediate spoken recall) there is evidence to suggest that the information is re-coded into phonological form. This paper presents a single case study of MJK whose reading follows the pattern of phonological dyslexia. In short-term memory tasks MJK does not phonologically re-code written materials but, it is argued, uses a visual code. There are three main lines of evidence for this, (a) MJK tends to substitute visually similar items for one another, (b) her performance is better with visual than auditory stimuli, and (c) she is able to remember numbers (e.g., 8) better than written words (e.g., eight). Investigation of short-term memory in others with phonological dyslexia is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-285
Number of pages12
JournalBrain and Cognition
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Phonological dyslexia
  • Short-term memory
  • Single-case study
  • Visual code

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of '"The W and M are mixing me up": Use of a visual code in verbal short-term memory tasks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this