The WC10 central stars CPD - 56° 8032 and He 2-113 - II. Model analysis and comparison with nebular properties

Orsola De Marco*, P. A. Crowther

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


We present detailed atmospheric analyses of two [WC10] central stars of planetary nebulae (PNe), CPD - 56° 8032 and He 2-113, the results of which are compared with parameters inferred from their nebular properties. Our quantitative study is based on non-LTE modelling of diagnostic He I-II, C II-IV and O II-III lines. We find that spectroscopic similarities are reflected in the derived stellar properties: for both stars we obtain Teff∼30 kK and log L/L = 3.7; log (M/M yr-1) = -5.4 and ν = 225 km s-1 for CPD - 56° 8032, while log (M/M yr-1) = -6.1 and υ = 160 km s-1 for He 2-113. The derived stellar properties are fairly consistent with the recent study of Leuenhagen et al., when adjusted for the different distances adopted. We find excellent agreement between our C2+ wind temperature and the independent determination by De Marco et al., supporting our assumption of radiative equilibrium. We find that both stars are highly enriched in carbon and oxygen, but with stellar hydrogen undetectable for He 2-113 (in contrast to Leuenhagen et al.). Our final abundance determinations indicate H:He:C:O mass fractions of 0:34:52:14 for CPD - 56° 8032 and 0:34:54:13 for He 2-113. We confront our model flux distributions with observed nebular properties using Zanstra and photoionization techniques, and identify a major discrepancy between the observed and predicted nebular properties for these particular PNe. The hydrogen ionizing fluxes predicted by our WR non-LTE models greatly exceed those implied by nebular observations. The lack of heavy-element line blanketing in our wind models could be responsible. However, the geometry and high nebular densities of these PNe suggest that they represent poor probes of the Lyman continuum flux of their central stars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-429
Number of pages11
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • 56° 8032
  • Planetary nebulae: general
  • Stars: AGB and post-AGB
  • Stars: individual: CPD
  • Stars: individual: He 2-113
  • Stars: Wolf-Rayet


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