Thermal behaviour of different biomass materials under slow pyrolysis conditions

Simona Domazetovska, Vladimir Strezov, Tao Kan, Risto V. Filkoski

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contribution

Abstract

The use of carbon neutral renewable sources to achieve reduction in carbon emission, soaring prices of petroleum and concerns over secured supply of energy sources are the major drivers in the search for alternative renewable energy sources. Typical and abundant biomass residues, such as corn cob, vine rod and sunflower have potential to produce energy when subjected to pyrolysis conversion through biogas, bio-oils and bio-char products of pyrolysis. The subject of investigation of this work was to determine the thermal behaviour of these three biomass agricultural materials under slow pyrolysis conditions to quantify their energy content. In this work, a variety of technological tools were employed to characterise the pyrolysis of the three samples. The thermo-gravimetric analyser and proximate analyses were used on the raw samples to monitor the mass change and characterise the samples. The organic compounds contained in the pyrolysis oils at 500˚C were investigated using gas chromatography- mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The solid char products of pyrolysis at 500˚C and the raw samples were analysed using Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The results indicate change in functional groups between raw and solid char products, which refers to the loss of organics after pyrolysis at 500˚C. Тhe composition in the bio-oil was compared of the selected biomass materials. Through proximate analysis, the calorific value was determined. The obtained data will provide important reference information for energy and fuel generation from pyrolysis of the analysed biomass.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd Renewable Energy Sources - Research and Business conference
Subtitle of host publicationbook of abstracts
EditorsWojciech Budzianowski
Place of PublicationWrocław, Poland
PublisherWojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services
Pages97
Number of pages1
ISBN (Print)9788394850715
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jun 2017
EventRenewable Energy Sources - Research and Business Conference (2nd : 2017) - Wrocław, Poland
Duration: 19 Jun 201721 Jun 2017

Conference

ConferenceRenewable Energy Sources - Research and Business Conference (2nd : 2017)
CountryPoland
CityWrocław
Period19/06/1721/06/17

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • slow pyrolysis
  • corn cob
  • vine rod
  • sunflower
  • energy use

Cite this

Domazetovska, S., Strezov, V., Kan, T., & Filkoski, R. V. (2017). Thermal behaviour of different biomass materials under slow pyrolysis conditions. In W. Budzianowski (Ed.), Proceedings of the 2nd Renewable Energy Sources - Research and Business conference: book of abstracts (pp. 97). [RESRB2017.0063] Wrocław, Poland: Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services.