Thermal comfort in outdoor and semi-outdoor environments

Richard de Dear, Jennifer Spagnolo

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contribution

    15 Citations (Scopus)


    Thermal comfort research to date has been focused on indoor applications, but in recent years attention has turned to the comfort requirements of people using outdoor and semi-outdoor spaces. Two different approaches have been discerned in the literature. The first simply transfers the assumptions and models usually associated with indoor thermal environmental engineering to the outdoor context, while the second approach accepts that various contextual features of semi-outdoor and outdoor spaces may affect subjective thermal perceptual processes as much, if not more so, than the conventional heat-balance variables found in indoor thermal comfort models. This chapter reports examples of recent work using both of these approaches.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEnvironmental ergonomics
    Subtitle of host publicationthe ergonomics of human comfort, health, and performance in the thermal environment
    EditorsYutaka Tochihara, Tadakatsu Ohnaka
    Place of PublicationOxford, UK
    Number of pages8
    ISBN (Print)0080444660
    Publication statusPublished - 2005
    EventInternational Conference on Environmental Ergonomics (10th : 2002) - Fukuoka, Japan
    Duration: 23 Sep 200227 Sep 2002

    Publication series

    NameElsevier ergonomics book series


    ConferenceInternational Conference on Environmental Ergonomics (10th : 2002)
    CityFukuoka, Japan


    • thermal comfort
    • outdoors
    • hot-humid
    • sub-tropical

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