Thermal comfort in the humid tropics. Part II. Climate chamber experiments on thermal acceptability in Singapore

R. J. de Dear*, K. G. Leow, A. Ameen

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    26 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The present paper examines the effects of a year-round hot and humid climatic regime on the acceptability of ambient temperatures that are warmer than preferred. Ninety-eight college-age subjects who were naturally acclimatized to Singapore's equatorial atmospheric environment were studied in 10 experiments. The research design consisted of two humidity levels (70% and 35% RH) and five temperatures falling on the warm side of the current ISO standard's predicted neutrality. Subjects were sedentary throughout the three-hour experiments and clothed in a standard uniform. Thermal sensation, comfort, and acceptability responses were recorded every 30 minutes. Using a 20% dissatisfaction criterion, the upper limit of the acceptable comfort zone at 70% RH was established at 27.6°C, while the corresponding value at 35% RH was 27.9°C. These results were in line with the predictions of the current international comfort standard (ISO 1984), despite the fact that the empirical bases of the standard were subjects from much colder climates than Singapore's (northern Europe and the United States). However, the current climate chamber results differ considerably from previously reported field study results.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)880-886
    Number of pages7
    JournalASHRAE Transactions
    Issue numberpt 1
    Publication statusPublished - 1991

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