Thermal history analysis of selected Chilean, Indonesian and Iranian porphyry Cu-Mo-Au deposits

Brent I. A. McInnes, Noreen J. Evans, Frank Q. Fu, Steve Garwin, Elena Belousova, W. L. Griffin, Alfredo Bertens, Djadjang Sukarna, Sam Permanadewi, Ross L. Andrew, Katja Deckart

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    This paper presents U-Pb-He triple dating age determination for several porphyry Cu±Mo±Au deposits in Chile, Indonesia and Iran in an effort to determine their thermal histories and to explore the effects of cooling/exhumation rates on ore formation and preservation processes. Inverse thermal modelling of measured time-temperature history data from these deposits was conducted to quantitatively constrain the depth of emplacement, duration of ore deposition, exposure ages and cooling/exhumation rates. The duration of hypogene ore formation for the deposits studied generally occurs within timeframes of 10⁵ years, although modelling results for the Grasberg, Batu Hijau and El Teniente super porphyry deposits suggest formation periods of the order of 10⁴ years. Emplacement depths on intrusions associated with porphyry mineralisation range from 800 m to 5500 m from the palaeosurface, with the Grasberg and Rio Blanco being respectively the shallowest and deepest super porphyry deposits studied. The thermochronology data indicates a positive correlation between metal grade and cooling rate during hypogene ore formation, but further investigation is warranted. Exhumation rates varying from 0.3 to 1.1 km/m.y. have implications for the preservation potential of hypogene ore deposits, with super porphyry deposits like Sar Cheshmeh potentially losing 3.5 Mt of copper to erosion over the last 5 million years. The potential for supergene ore formation under such conditions is high, as is the potential for the formation of proximal Exotica-type deposits.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSuper porphyry copper and gold deposits
    Subtitle of host publicationa global perspective
    EditorsT. M. Porter
    Place of PublicationLinden Park, SA
    PublisherPGC Publishing
    Pages27-42
    Number of pages16
    Volume1
    Edition1st
    ISBN (Print)0958057427
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

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    McInnes, B. I. A., Evans, N. J., Fu, F. Q., Garwin, S., Belousova, E., Griffin, W. L., ... Deckart, K. (2005). Thermal history analysis of selected Chilean, Indonesian and Iranian porphyry Cu-Mo-Au deposits. In T. M. Porter (Ed.), Super porphyry copper and gold deposits: a global perspective (1st ed., Vol. 1, pp. 27-42). Linden Park, SA: PGC Publishing.