Thermochemistry and kinetics of hydrogen abstraction by methyl radical from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Karen Hemelsoet*, Veronique Van Speybroeck, Damian Moran, Guy B. Marin, Leo Radom, Michel Waroquier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermodynamic and kinetic properties relating to hydrogen abstraction by methyl radical from various sites in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been investigated. The reaction enthalpies (298 K), barriers (0 K), and activation energies and pre-exponential factors (700-1100 K), have been calculated by means of density functional theory, specifically with B3-LYP/6-311G(d,p) geometries, followed by BMK/6-311+G(3df,2p) single-point energy calculations. For uncongested sites in the PAHs, a reasonable correlation is obtained between reactivities (as characterized by the reaction barriers) and reaction enthalpies. This is reflected in a Bell-Evans-Polanyi (BEP) relationship. However, for congested sites, abstraction is accompanied both by lower reaction enthalpies (due to relief of steric strain) and also by reduced reactivities (due to significantly increased steric hindrance effects in the transition structures), so that the BEP relationship does not hold. In addition, the reaction enthalpies and kinetic parameters for the series of linear acenes indicate that abstraction is more difficult from the central rings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13624-13631
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume110
Issue number50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Thermochemistry and kinetics of hydrogen abstraction by methyl radical from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this