The thermo-luminescence (TL) of rare earth ions RE3+ (RE=Ln, excluding Pm, Eu and Lu) co-doped phosphors CaGa2S4:Eu2+, RE3+ was studied between room temperature and 300 °C, and 3D thermo-luminescence of the phosphors were measured from room temperature to 400 °C. The basic material CaGa2S4:Eu2+, showed at least two bands in the TL glow curve. Changing the auxiliary activator RE3+ (rare earth ion), intensities and the positions of the TL glow curve peaks were affected significantly. For the phosphors with long afterglow, auxiliary activator such as Ce3+, Pr3+, Gd3+, Tb3+, Ho3+, or Y3+ created some new defects in these compounds at lower trap levels and enhanced their TL intensities. The Nd3+ or Er3+ auxiliary activator only enhanced TL intensities to a low extent, so these two phosphors have short persistent luminescence at room temperature. TL intensities of La3+, Sm3+, Tm3+ or Yb3+ co-doped phosphors were suppressed greatly and no afterglow was shown. The relationship between auxiliary activators and corresponding thermo-luminescence curves of phosphors CaGa2S4:Eu2+, RE3+ are discussed in detail. According to our results, suitable activation energy and enough high corresponding trap density are necessary for the phosphor with long afterglow.
- Trap and thiogallate