Background - Previously, through the use of computed tomography (CT), it has been proposed that D-shaped versus saddle-shaped mitral annulus (MA) segmentation is more biomechanically appropriate to determine transcatheter mitral valve implantation size and eligibility. Methods and Results - Forty-one patients with severe mitral regurgitation being considered for transcatheter mitral valve implantation who had undergone cardiac CT and 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3D-TEE) were retrospectively evaluated. A standardized segmentation protocol for the D-shaped MA was developed using Philips Q-Laboratory mitral valve quantification software. MA dimensions were compared using Spearman's rank correlation and Bland-Altman analysis. Inter- and intraobserver agreement was quantified by intraclass correlation coefficient and Bland-Altman analysis. Mean age was 77±14 years; 71% male (n=29); mitral regurgitation pathogenesis was functional in 54% (n=22) and myxomatous in 46% (n=19). Mean MA area and circumference by 3D-TEE and CT were 11.3±2.7 versus 11.4±3.0 (P=0.67) and 124.1±15.6 versus 123.9±15.5 (P=0.79), respectively, with excellent correlation between modalities (r=0.84 and r=0.86; P<0.0001) and no systematic bias (-0.20±1.8 cm2 [-3.7 cm2; 3.3 cm2 ], 0.37±9 mm [-18.0 mm; 17.27 mm]). Mean septal-to-lateral and inter-trigone distances by 3D-TEE and CT were 33.2±4.7 versus 32.5±4.4 (P=0.24) and 31.7±3.5 versus 32.6±3.6 (P=0.06), respectively, with good correlation (r=0.69 and r=0.71; P<0.0001) and no systematic bias (0.77±3.8 mm [-6.7 mm; 8.2 mm], -1.5±3.1 mm [-4.6 mm; 7.6 mm]). There was excellent intra- and interobserver agreement according to intraclass correlation coefficients >0.90 for all parameters. Conclusions - Similar to cardiac CT, 3D-TEE allows for D-shaped MA segmentation with no systematic difference in MA dimensions between modalities. This study supports the utilization of 3D-TEE as a complementary tool to CT assessment of the D-shaped MA to determine transcatheter mitral valve implantation size.
- 3D echocardiography
- computed tomography
- mitral valve annulus
- percutaneous valve implantation