Three dimensional shear wave velocity structure of the crust and upper mantle beneath China from ambient noise surface wave tomography

Xinlei Sun*, Xiaodong Song, Sihua Zheng, Yingjie Yang, Michael H. Ritzwoller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We determine the three-dimensional shear wave velocity structure of the crust and upper mantle in China using Green's functions obtained from seismic ambient noise cross-correlation. The data we use are from the China National Seismic Network, global and regional networks and PASSCAL stations in the region. We first acquire cross-correlation seismograms between all possible station pairs. We then measure the Rayleigh wave group and phase dispersion curves using a frequency-time analysis method from 8 s to 60 s. After that, Rayleigh wave group and phase velocity dispersion maps on 1° by 1° spatial grids are obtained at different periods. Finally, we invert these maps for the 3-D shear wave velocity structure of the crust and upper mantle beneath China at each grid node. The inversion results show large-scale structures that correlate well with surface geology. Near the surface, velocities in major basins are anomalously slow, consistent with the thick sediments. East-west contrasts are striking in Moho depth. There is also a fast mid-to-lower crust and mantle lithosphere beneath the major basins surrounding the Tibetan plateau (TP) and Tianshan (Junggar, Tarim, Ordos, and Sichuan). These strong blocks, therefore, appear to play an important role in confining the deformation of the TP and constraining its geometry to form its current triangular shape. In northwest TP in Qiangtang, slow anomalies extend from the crust to the mantle lithosphere. Meanwhile, widespread, a prominent low-velocity zone is observed in the middle crust beneath most of the central, eastern and southeastern Tibetan plateau, consistent with a weak (and perhaps mobile) middle crust.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-463
Number of pages15
JournalEarthquake Science
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ambient noise
  • China
  • Crust and upper mantle
  • Surface wave
  • Tomography

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