‘Tiger mom, panda dad’: a study of contemporary Chinese parenting profiles

Sha Xie*, Hui Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


The goal of this study was to explore the inter-parental differences and the major clusters of Chinese parenting profile in a sample of preschoolers’ fathers and mothers in urban China. Eighty-six Chinese couples in Shenzhen completed a parenting style questionnaire, and four couples were interviewed to provide additional illumination. A paired t-test was used to find inter-parental differences and cluster analysis was used to find major clusters of parenting profiles. Mothers were more authoritarian than fathers. Three major clusters of parenting profiles were found: easy-going parenting, followed by tiger parenting and supportive parenting. Inter-parental differences existed among these couples, and ‘tiger moms’ and ‘panda dads’ were common in these Chinese families.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-300
Number of pages17
JournalEarly Child Development and Care
Issue number2
Early online date26 Apr 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • parenting profile
  • maternal parenting
  • paternal parenting
  • Chinese parenting
  • co-parenting differences


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