Time Domain Integral Equation methods for nonlinear systems

S. R. Cloude*, I. Frost, P. D. Smith, A. Milne

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper we review the application of Time Domain Integral Equation (TDIE) methods to the prediction of current flow and radiated fields in antenna and scatterer systems with nonlinear loads. Typical applications include the prediction of currents and voltages induced in printed circuit boards by external fields and the prediction of radar cross section (RCS) of wire antennas with nonlinear loads. The analysis of nonlinear circuits is a complex problem. Many different techniques have been developed, the most efficient of which isolate the nonlinearities at discrete system ports and combine linear analysis of the bulk system with local analysis at a small number of nonlinear ports.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-303
Number of pages4
JournalIEE Conference Publication
Issue number350
Publication statusPublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes


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