The micromaser is examined with the aim of understanding certain of its properties based on a time-reversed quantum trajectory analysis. The background theory of master equations derived from a repeated interaction model perspective is briefly reviewed and extended by taking into account the more general renewal process description of the sequence of interactions of the system with incoming ancilla, and results compared with other recent (and not so recent) approaches that use this generalisation. The results are then specialised to the micromaser, and a quantum trajectory unravelling of the micromaser dynamics is formulated that enables time-reversed quantum trajectories, defined according to the Crooks approach, to, first, be shown to arise naturally in the analysis of micromaser and atomic beam correlations, and second used in the formulation of a fluctuation relation for the probabilities of trajectories and their time-reversed counterparts.
- fluctuation relations
- time-reversed quantum trajectories