Time trends in case selection, stage and prostate-specific antigen recurrence after radical prostatectomy

A multicentre audit

M. H. Winkler*, F. A. Khan, I. M. Hoh, A. A. Okeke, M. Sugiono, P. Mcinerney, G. B. Boustead, R. Persad, A. V. Kaisary, D. A. Gillatt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES: To report an audit of preoperative staging variables, case selection, stage migration and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) recurrence at five large centres in the south of England. To establish PSA outcome values after radical prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer in the UK, and enable appropriate patient counselling. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The notes of 854 patients were audited for preoperative staging variables and follow-up data obtained. Patients with neoadjuvant and adjuvant treatment, and with incomplete data and follow-up, were excluded. RESULTS: The median follow-up was 52 months for the remaining 663 patients; the median PSA level was 10 ng/mL. There was a large migration towards lower PSA and stage; this translated into improved PSA survival rates. The overall Kaplan-Meier PSA recurrence-free survival probability at 1, 3, 5 and 8 years was 0.83, 0.69, 0.60 and 0.48, respectively. The 5-year PSA recurrence-free survival probabilities for PSA levels of <4, 4.1-10, 10.1-20 and >20 ng/ ml were 0.82, 0.73, 0.59 and 0.20, respectively (Wilcoxon, P < 0.001). The PSA recurrence-free survival probabilities for biopsy Gleason grade 2-4, 5 and 6, 7 and 8-10 at 5 years were 0.70, 0.61, 0.55 and 0.21, respectively (Wilcoxon, P < 0.001). Similarly, the 5-year PSA recurrence-free survival probabilities for clinical stages T1a and 1b,T1c, T2a and T2b were 0.79, 0.62, 0.57 and 0.44, respectively (Wilcoxon, P = 0.0012). CONCLUSION: With better case selection the intermediate oncological outcome has improved over time in the UK. PSA recurrence-free survival estimates are less optimistic than the frequently quoted American values. The present values may be used to help in counselling British patients before radical prostatectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)725-729
Number of pages5
JournalBJU international
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Outcome
  • Prostate neoplasm
  • PSA
  • Radical prostatectomy

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