TiO2/CTS/ATP adsorbent modification and its application in adsorption-ultrafiltration process for dye wastewater purification

Zhihong Wang, Zekun Wu, Xujun Zhi, Tianfu Tu, Jinxu Nie, Xing Du*, Yunlong Luo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Industrial dyeing produces highly polluting wastewater and threatens the environment. Effective treatment of dyeing wastewater is a crucial step to prevent toxic chemicals from entering receiving waters. This study aimed to assess a modified attapulgite (ATP)-based adsorbent for dyeing wastewater purification by introducing chitosan (CTS) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) into the adsorbent material named TiO2/CTS/ATP. It was found that after modification, the adsorbent showed a lower hydrophilicity, as demonstrated by an increase in the water contact angle from 9.1° to 42°, which could reduce the water adsorption tendency and potentially facilitate contaminants adherence. The modification also led to a significantly increased specific surface area of 79.111 m2/g from 3.791 m2/g and exhibited more uniform and smaller particle size (reduced from 3.99 to 2.52 μm). When the TiO2/CTS/ATP adsorbent was applied to the adsorption of Congo red solution, the adsorption efficiency was observed to reach to 97.6% at the dosage of 0.5 g/L. Furthermore, the combination of adsorption and ultrafiltration was able to achieve 99% Congo red removal. Adsorption pretreatment prior to the ultrafiltration also enabled to reduce membrane fouling, increased the reversible membrane fouling, and resulted in a considerably lower transmembrane pressure as compared with the direct ultrafiltration filtration system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59963-59973
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Issue number42
Early online date21 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Dyeing wastewater
  • Membrane fouling
  • Modified attapulgite
  • TiO /CTS/ATP adsorbent
  • Ultrafiltration


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