The cognitive-behavioural model of hoarding posits that maladaptive beliefs play a causal role in saving behaviours. These beliefs may operate as interpretive biases to save in ambiguous situations in which hoarding individuals must decide whether to discard an item. We used a novel interpretative cognitive bias modification paradigm (CBM-I) to modify hoarding-related interpretive biases in a sample of undergraduates with high hoarding symptoms (N = 95). Participants were randomly allocated to either a positive CBM-I training condition, which was designed to reduce hoarding-related biases, or a neutral (control) CBM-I training condition. They completed self-report measures of hoarding symptoms and beliefs, and behavioural measures of discarding before and after training. Although there were no differences between conditions on post-training behavioural tasks, the positive condition reported reduced hoarding symptoms and beliefs one week after CBM-I training compared to the neutral condition. We review these findings in light of previous research and consider potential clinical implications.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2019|
- cognitive bias modification
- interpretive bias
- maladaptive beliefs
- hoarding disorder