Tone and vowel enhancement in Cantonese infant-directed speech at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months of age

Nan Xu Rattanasone, Denis Burnham, Ronan G. Reilly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Vowel and tone hyperarticulation were investigated in infant-directed speech (IDS) in Cantonese, a tone language. Native Cantonese speaking mothers were recorded speaking to their infants on four occasions, at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. Unexpectedly, no vowel hyperarticulation in terms of vowel triangle areas or in the dimensions of tongue height or backness (F1 and F2 values) was found in IDS compared to adult-directed speech (ADS). Tone hyperarticulation in IDS, as indexed by the relative area of tone triangles in f0 onset and f0 offset space compared to those in ADS, was found in IDS to infants at all four ages but was reduced somewhat in 12-month-olds. Given that infants' perceptual attunement to lexical tone begins around 4 months, it appears that parents' tone hyperarticulation begins before infants have perceptually tuned into native tones and begins to decline by the end of the first year. This provides support for the hypothesis that tone hyperarticulation serves as a bootstrapping mechanism in early language development in tone languages.

LanguageEnglish
Pages332-343
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Phonetics
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

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speaking
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language
Language Development
Infant-directed Speech
Enhancement
Tongue
parents
Parents
Mothers
Tone Language
Triangle
Values

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@article{6888554a881c4a1ab8fe7f8e826343d3,
title = "Tone and vowel enhancement in Cantonese infant-directed speech at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months of age",
abstract = "Vowel and tone hyperarticulation were investigated in infant-directed speech (IDS) in Cantonese, a tone language. Native Cantonese speaking mothers were recorded speaking to their infants on four occasions, at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. Unexpectedly, no vowel hyperarticulation in terms of vowel triangle areas or in the dimensions of tongue height or backness (F1 and F2 values) was found in IDS compared to adult-directed speech (ADS). Tone hyperarticulation in IDS, as indexed by the relative area of tone triangles in f0 onset and f0 offset space compared to those in ADS, was found in IDS to infants at all four ages but was reduced somewhat in 12-month-olds. Given that infants' perceptual attunement to lexical tone begins around 4 months, it appears that parents' tone hyperarticulation begins before infants have perceptually tuned into native tones and begins to decline by the end of the first year. This provides support for the hypothesis that tone hyperarticulation serves as a bootstrapping mechanism in early language development in tone languages.",
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Tone and vowel enhancement in Cantonese infant-directed speech at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months of age. / Xu Rattanasone, Nan; Burnham, Denis; Reilly, Ronan G.

In: Journal of Phonetics, Vol. 41, No. 5, 09.2013, p. 332-343.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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N2 - Vowel and tone hyperarticulation were investigated in infant-directed speech (IDS) in Cantonese, a tone language. Native Cantonese speaking mothers were recorded speaking to their infants on four occasions, at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. Unexpectedly, no vowel hyperarticulation in terms of vowel triangle areas or in the dimensions of tongue height or backness (F1 and F2 values) was found in IDS compared to adult-directed speech (ADS). Tone hyperarticulation in IDS, as indexed by the relative area of tone triangles in f0 onset and f0 offset space compared to those in ADS, was found in IDS to infants at all four ages but was reduced somewhat in 12-month-olds. Given that infants' perceptual attunement to lexical tone begins around 4 months, it appears that parents' tone hyperarticulation begins before infants have perceptually tuned into native tones and begins to decline by the end of the first year. This provides support for the hypothesis that tone hyperarticulation serves as a bootstrapping mechanism in early language development in tone languages.

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