The article studies the dynamics of fiscal consolidation and public sector reforms in Italy and Spain under the EU governance that took shape as a reaction to the Eurozone crisis. We show how three types of EU pressure–fiscal and economic coordination rules, conditionality, and back-room diplomacy have operated in conjunction. We also show that Italy was more willing than Spain to resist EU pressure. Based on a Two-Level Game framework, we argue that this can be explained by the greater opposition to European integration that has developed in Italy compared to Spain.
|Number of pages||23|
|Journal||Public Management Review|
|Publication status||Published - 2 Sep 2019|
- cutback management
- European Semester
- fiscal retrenchment
- sovereign debt crisis