Alexander Zahar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


A summary of the history of the crime of torture and of its present status in international criminal law. The author argues that the UN ad hoc international criminal tribunals have defined torture so broadly that it has come to mean nothing more than cruel treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Companion to International Criminal Justice
EditorsAntonio Cassese
Place of PublicationUK
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages2
ISBN (Print)9780199238316
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • torture
  • rape
  • ICTY
  • war crimes
  • crimes against humanity
  • cruel treatment


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