Toward a model of eye movement control in reading

Erik D. Reichle, Alexander Pollatsek*, Donald L. Fisher, Keith Rayner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

843 Citations (Scopus)


The authors present several versions of a general model, titled the E-Z Reader model, of eye movement control in reading. The major goal of the modeling is to relate cognitive processing (specifically aspects of lexical access) to eye movements in reading. The earliest and simplest versions of the model (E-Z Readers 1 and 2) merely attempt to explain the total time spent on a word before moving forward (the gaze duration) and the probability of fixating a word; later versions (E-Z Readers 3-5) also attempt to explain the durations of individual fixations on individual words and the number of fixations on individual words. The final version (E-Z Reader 5) appears to be psychologically plausible and gives a good account of many phenomena in reading. It is also a good tool for analyzing eye movement data in reading. Limitations of the model and directions for future research are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-157
Number of pages33
JournalPsychological Review
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1998
Externally publishedYes


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