The Meaning-Text Theory is a formal, dependency-based linguistic theory in which the lexicon plays a central role. Within this theory, the vocabulary of a language is described by an Explanatory-Combinatorial Dictionary [ECD]. Unlike most existing dictionaries, an ECD is oriented towards language generation rather than analysis. This orientation makes it especially useful for language learners or computers that need to produce nativequality (i.e. highly idiomatic) texts. An ECD of a language aims at describing exhaustively all three components of its lexical units: their meaning, their form and their combinatorics. While it is common for current dictionaries to describe words’ meaning and form, their combinatorics is often left undescribed, so that the user has no information on how to actually use them in a sentence. An ECD, on the contrary, describes not only the syntactic and morphological behavior of words, but also their restricted lexical cooccurrence. The description of the restricted lexical cooccurrence of words constitutes the heart of an ECD. It is done using a formal language known as lexical functions. Lexical functions offer an elegant and powerful way of encoding common semantico-syntactic patterns of lexical cooccurrence. Until now, most of the work in explanatory-combinatorial lexicography has been done on French and Russian. The main goal of this paper is to show that it would be possible and useful to develop an ECD of Japanese, and to discuss potential problems inherent to this task and propose some leads towards a solution.
|Title of host publication||Dictionaries and language learning|
|Subtitle of host publication||how can dictionaries help human & machine learning? : papers submitted to the Third ASIALEX Biennial International Conference, Meikai University, Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, August 27-29, 2003|
|Editors||Minoru Murata, Shigeru Yamada, Yukio Tono|
|Publisher||Asian Association for Lexicography|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|
|Event||ASIALEX Biennial International Conference (3rd : 2003) - Urayasu, Chiba, Japan|
Duration: 27 Aug 2003 → 29 Aug 2003
|Conference||ASIALEX Biennial International Conference (3rd : 2003)|
|City||Urayasu, Chiba, Japan|
|Period||27/08/03 → 29/08/03|
Lareau, F. (2003). Towards an explanatory-combinatorial dictionary of Japanese. In M. Murata, S. Yamada, & Y. Tono (Eds.), Dictionaries and language learning: how can dictionaries help human & machine learning? : papers submitted to the Third ASIALEX Biennial International Conference, Meikai University, Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, August 27-29, 2003 Asian Association for Lexicography.