Towards an optimized blockchain for IoT

Ali Dorri, Salil S. Kanhere, Raja Jurdak

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

311 Citations (Scopus)


There has been increasing interest in adopting BlockChain (BC), that underpins the crypto-currency Bitcoin, in Internet of things (IoT) for security and privacy. However, BCs are computationally expensive and involve high bandwidth overhead and delays, which are not suitable for most IoT devices. This paper proposes a lightweight BC-based architecture for IoT that virtually eliminates the overheads of classic BC, while maintaining most of its security and privacy benefits. IoT devices benefit from a private immutable ledger, that acts similar to BC but is managed centrally, to optimize energy consumption. High resource devices create an overlay network to implement a publicly accessible distributed BC that ensures end-to-end security and privacy. The proposed architecture uses distributed trust to reduce the block validation processing time. We explore our approach in a smart home seeing as a representative case study for broader IoT applications. Thalitative evaluation of the architecture under common threat models highlights its effectiveness in providing security and privacy for IoT applications. Simulations demonstrate that our method decreases packet and processing overhead significantly compared to the BC implementation used in Bitcoin.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Second International Conference on Internet-of-Things Design and Implementation
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781450349666
Publication statusPublished - 18 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event2nd IEEE/ACM International Conference on Internet-of-Things Design and Implementation, IoTDI 2017 - Pittsburgh, United States
Duration: 18 Apr 201720 Apr 2017


Other2nd IEEE/ACM International Conference on Internet-of-Things Design and Implementation, IoTDI 2017
CountryUnited States


  • BlockChain
  • Internet of Things
  • privacy
  • security

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