Towards decentralization: A topological investigation of the medium and low voltage grids

Giuliano Andrea Pagani*, Marco Aiello

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Citations (Scopus)


The traditional power grid has been designed in a hierarchical fashion, with energy pushed from the large scale production factories towards the end users. With the increasing availability of micro and medium scale generating facilities, the situation is changing. Many end users can now produce energy and share it over the power grid. Of course, end users need incentives to do so and want to act in an open decentralized energy market. In the present work, we offer a novel analysis of the medium and low voltage power grids of the North Netherlands using statistical tools from the complex network analysis field. We use a weighted model based on actual grid data and propose a set of statistical measures to evaluate the adequacy of the current infrastructure for a decentralized energy market. Further, we use the insight gained by the analysis to propose parameters that tie the statistical topological measures to economic factors that influence the attractiveness of participating in such decentralized energy market, thus identifying the important topological parameters to work on to facilitate such open decentralized markets.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5783965
Pages (from-to)538-547
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Complex network analysis
  • decentralized energy trading
  • power grid


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