A label-free immunosensor based on SWNTs modified GC electrodes has been developed for the direct detection of paraoxon. Based on aryldiazonium salt chemistry, forest of SWNTs can be vertically aligned on mixed monolayers of aryldiazonium salt modified GC electrodes by CC bonding, which provides an interface showing efficient electron transfer between biomolecules. PEG molecules were introduced to the interface to resist non-specific protein adsorption. Ferrocenedimethylamine (FDMA) was subsequently attached to the ends of SWNTs through the amide bonding followed by the attachment of epitope i.e., paraoxon hapten to which a paraoxon antibody would bind. This immunosensor shows good selectivity and high specificity to paraoxon, and is functional for the detection of paraoxon in both laboratory and field by a displacement assay. There is a linear relationship between electrochemical signal of FDMA and the concentration of paraoxon over the range of 2-2500 ppb with a lowest detected limit of 2 ppb in 0.1 M phosphate buffer at pH 7.0. The SWNTs based amperometric immunosensor provides an opportunity to develop the sensing system for on-site sensitive detection of a spectrum of insecticides.