Trait anger symptoms and emotion regulation

the effectiveness of reappraisal, acceptance and suppression strategies in regulating anger

Carmen L. Germain, Maria Kangas*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the current study was to compare the effects of instructed cognitive reappraisal, acceptance and emotional suppression on state anger after provocation among individuals with high trait anger. The moderating effects of trait emotion regulation (ER) styles were also examined. Method: Adults (N=102) with elevated levels of trait anger were randomised to one of three ER conditions. Participants in both the reappraisal and emotional suppression conditions reported a decline in state anger and systolic blood pressure (SBP) post-anger provocation, whereas participants in the acceptance group did not experience a substantial decline in state anger or SBP post-anger provocation. Trait suppression was further found to enhance the effects of instructed suppression, while trait tolerance augmented the effects of instructed reappraisal. Conclusions: Support was found for the use of reappraisal and emotional suppression as adaptive strategies to cope with anger arousal in the short term after provocation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-45
Number of pages11
JournalBehaviour Change
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

Keywords

  • anger
  • emotion-regulation
  • reappraisal
  • acceptance
  • emotion suppression

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